A LEVEL ZONE

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  • Created by: Sarahj385
  • Created on: 05-07-16 09:41
Defence Mechanisms
Unconscious strategies that protect our conscious mind from anxiety. Defence mechanisms involve a distortion of reality in some way, so that we are better able to cope with a situation.
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Psychoanalysis
A term used to describe the personality theory and therapy associated with Sigmund Freud.
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Psychodynamic
Refers to any theory that emphaises change and development in an individual, particularly those theories where drive is a central concept in development. The best known psychodynamic theory is psychoanalysis.
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Unconscious
The part of the human mind that contains repressed ideas and memories, as well as primitive desires and impulses that have never been allowed to enter the conscious mind.
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Conditions of Worth
Conditions imposed on an individual's behaviour and development that are considered necessary to earn positive regard from significant others.
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Congruence
If there is similarity between a person's ideal self and self-image, a state of congruence exists. A difference represents a state of incongruence.
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Free Will
The ability to act at one's own discretion, i.e. to choose how to behave without being influenced by external forces.
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Hierarchy of needs
The motivational theory proposed by Abraham Maslow, often displayed as a pyramid. The most basic needs are at the bottom and higher needs at the top.
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Humanistic
Refers to the belief that human beings are born with the desire to grow, create and to love and have the power to direct their own lives.
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Self
Our personal identity, used synonymously with the terms 'self-image' and 'self-concept'
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Self-actualisation
A term used in different ways. Rogers used it as the drive to realise one's true potential. Maslow used it to describe the final stage of his hierarchy of needs.
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Determinism
Behaviour is determined by external or internal factors acting upon the individual
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Nature
Behaviour is seen to be a product of innate (biological or genetic) factors.
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Nurture
Behaviour is a product of environmental influences
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Science
A systematic approach to creating knowledge. The method used to gain scientific knowledge is referred to as the scientific method.
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Card 2

Front

A term used to describe the personality theory and therapy associated with Sigmund Freud.

Back

Psychoanalysis

Card 3

Front

Refers to any theory that emphaises change and development in an individual, particularly those theories where drive is a central concept in development. The best known psychodynamic theory is psychoanalysis.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The part of the human mind that contains repressed ideas and memories, as well as primitive desires and impulses that have never been allowed to enter the conscious mind.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Conditions imposed on an individual's behaviour and development that are considered necessary to earn positive regard from significant others.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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