A-Level PE Chapter 2.1 (Year 1/AS book) (Key Terms)

The first 14 flash cards are to do with the Skill Continua, the next 5 are to do with Transfer of Learning, and the last 8 flashcards are on Methods of presenting and Types of Practice.

Skill
The learned ability to bring out predetermined results with the minimum outlay of time, energy or both
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Open Skill
A skill performed in an unpredictable environment
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Closed Skill
A skill performed in a predictable environment
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Gross Skill
A skill that uses large muscle groups
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Fine Skill
A skill that uses smaller muscle groups
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Self-paced Skill
When the performer controls the start and the speed of the skill
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Externally Paced Skill
When the performer has no control over the start and the speed of the skill
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Discrete Skill
A skill that has a clear beginning and end
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Serial Skill
A skill that contains several discrete skills in order to make more intergrated movement
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Continuous Skill
A skill that has no clear beginning or end
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Low Organised Skill
A skill that is easily broken into parts
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High Organised Skill
A skill that is not easily broken down into parts
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Simple Skill
A skill that requires few decisions when being performed
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Complex Skill
A skill that requires decision making using lots of information when performed
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Transfer
The effect of learning and performance of one skill on the learning and performance of another
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Positive Transfer
When the learning of one skill helps the learning of another
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Negative Transfer
When the learning of one skill hinders the learning of another
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Zero Transfer
When the learning of one skill has no impact on the learning of another
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Bilateral Transfer
When the learning of one skill is passed across the body from limb to limb
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Whole Practice
Practising the skill in its entirety
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Whole-Part-Whole Practice
Assessing the skill, identifying a weakness to practise, then putting the skill back together
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Progressive Part Practice
Practising the first part of the skill then adding the parts gradually. Sometimes called chaining
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Chaining
Linking sub-routines, or parts of a task, together in order when practising. The first 2 parts are learned, then the third part is added; that part is learned and added to the first 2, and so on
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Massed Practice
Practice with no rest intervals
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Distributed Practice
Practice with rest intervals
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Mental Practice
Going over the skill in the mind without movement
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Varied Practice
Changing the practice type and the practice drills
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A skill performed in an unpredictable environment

Back

Open Skill

Card 3

Front

A skill performed in a predictable environment

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A skill that uses large muscle groups

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A skill that uses smaller muscle groups

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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