A Level Geography - Superpowers

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Define "Superpower"
A nation which is able to project its influence in the world. It is a dominant global force - e.g. USA
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Define "Emerging Superpower"
A nation that may become a dominant global force in the future - e.g. China or Brazil
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Define "Former Superpower"
A nation that once had global influence and was a dominant global force in the Past - e.g. USSR
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What is needed to become a superpower?
Military Influence (e.g. nuclear weapons), Cultural Influence (e.g. western culture), Economic Influence (e.g. China's large economy) and Geographical Influence (e.g. large amount of resources)
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Define "Sphere of Influence"
Control over an area outisde your national borders - e.g USA military bases in countries surrounding Iran and American companies becoming predominant in other countires
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Changing patterns of power?
Uni-polar world (e.g. British Empire fell due to WW1 and need for independence) leads to Bi-Polar world (e.g. Cold war with USA and USSR) and then to predicted multi-polar world (many superpowers -e.g. BRIC nations)
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Define "Imperialistic Superpower Systems"
The culture, economy and politics or Empire nation dominate colonies - democracry only in "Motherland" - e.g. British Empire
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Define "Capitalist Superpower Systems"
This is a democratic system, where there is a division between people who own businesses and those who work for them - e.g. USA
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Define "Communist Superpower Systems"
Private ownership of business and property is not allowed, everything belongs to the state - everything owned in common leads to a more equal society - e.g. USSR
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Why did the British Empire fall?
Economic decline after World War 1, loss of Military influence and Loss of land control (e.g. India wanted independence from Empire)
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Why did the USA rise?
Economic prosperity after World War 1, since economy had grown by providing supplies and weapons to the Allies
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Why did USSR rise?
The Soviet Army became the largest after many European losses during World War 1
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Explain the "Dependency Theory"
Developing countries become dependent on superpowers for manufactured goods (for high prices) in exchange for natural resources (for cheap prices)
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Core and Periphery?
Low value primary resources from Periphery to Core - High value added products from Core to Periphery
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Explain "Modernisation Theory"
Traditional Society - Pre-conditions for Take Off - Take Off -Drive to Maturity - High Mass Consumption
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A nation that may become a dominant global force in the future - e.g. China or Brazil

Back

Define "Emerging Superpower"

Card 3

Front

A nation that once had global influence and was a dominant global force in the Past - e.g. USSR

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Military Influence (e.g. nuclear weapons), Cultural Influence (e.g. western culture), Economic Influence (e.g. China's large economy) and Geographical Influence (e.g. large amount of resources)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Control over an area outisde your national borders - e.g USA military bases in countries surrounding Iran and American companies becoming predominant in other countires

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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