7. PM and Executive

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  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 21-05-18 09:21
1. Evaluate the extent to which the Prime Minister can control the cabinet
blah blah blah
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What are the topics?
Loyalty of Ministers; Dismissal of Ministers; Cabinet Committee's & Meetings; The PM's Office
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LOYALTY OF MINISTERS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Blair appointing minister & the Iraq War
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Who did Blair appoint as Home Secretary due to loyalty?
David Blunkett
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Who did Blair appoint as Health Secretary due to loyalty?
Alan Miliburn
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What is collective responsibility and when did an MP get sacked due to not wanting to follow it?
All the cabinet ministers must agree with the PM's decisions to ensure a unified party. Ian Cook was forced to resign by Blair when he refused to advocate the Iraq War
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
Blair and Brown's relationship and Theresa May appointment of leavers
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Why could Blair not remove Gordon Brown as chancellor?
Because Brown had his own power base within the party so politically he was unable to do so
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Why was May forced to appoint disloyal Brexiteers into her cabinet?
So that he cabinet could be spread out in terms of opinions on Brexit since she is the PM spearheading Brexit - Boris Johnson as Foreign Secretary - Priti Patel as Secretary of Sate for International Development
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DISMISSAL OF MINISTERS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Theresa May dismissing minsiters and Blair dismissing minsiters
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Who did Theresa May dismiss in 2018?
Mark Garnier as International Trade Minister (Sexual Misconduct)
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Who did Blair dismiss in 2006?
Charles Clarke as Home Secretary (Foreign Prisoners Scandal)
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The vote of no confidence in the PM by the cabinet that kicked out Thatcher in 1990 and Blair in 2007
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CABINET COMMITTEE'S AND MEETINGS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Theresa May chairing numerous committee's and Bilateral Meetings
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How many committee's did Theresa May chair when she entered No. 10
3, including the one about Brexit
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What is an example of a PM using bilateral meetings to discuss things with ministers in private?
Blair and Brown about handing control of interest rates to the Bank of England right before the 2005 election
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The 2010 coalition did not allows Cameron to control these meetings to his full extent due to sharing power with the LibDems - Brown had his own power base within the party so Blair could not control his to his full extent
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THE PM'S OFFICE
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Civil Servants staffing No. 10 - The Policy Implementation Unit (2011) - Patronages to MP's for loyalty - The PM is 'Primus Inter Pares' - Majority the PM has - PM is leader of majority party - Popular PM has control etc. Thatcher & Blair
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What is Pimus Inter Pares?
First Among Equals
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The loss in popularity of the PM; vote of no confidence and the PM's possible minority in the commons
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What is an example of a PM who lost popularity quickly and subsequently lost control?
Blair (Iraq War) and Brown (2008 Crisis)
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What is an example of a PM who has a minority?
Theresa May 2017: -9 seats
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3. Evaluate the view that the power of a Prime Minister is determined primarily by political circumstance (30)
blah blah blah
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What are the topics?
War; Economic Conditions; National Occurrings
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WAR
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Falklands War and Iraq War
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What happened as a result of the Falklands War of 1982?
Thatcher's majority went up from 43 (1979) to 144 (1983) which resulted in her having more political power over the government.
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What happened as a result of Blair's engagement in the Iraq War?
167 in 2001 to 66 in 2005 and eventually led to his resignation as PM in 2007
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
More primarily determined by the PM’s strength of character such as Major’s weakness of political prowess and Thatcher’s name as the “Iron Lady”. May seen as weak and not fit to lead the party as seen by her indecisiveness in regards to Brexit.
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ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Gordon Brown Financial crisis and GDP stats
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What did the 2008 global crisis result in?
Labour losing the 2010 election even though Brown was praised as a hero for being a strong leader during the crisis
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What was the GDP of Blair's Premiership
Under Blair the British economy saw a GDP growth of 3.2% per year which saw to it that Blair maintain his premiership for 10 years; making him the 9th longest serving PM in history. This is because 3.2% is the most growth since Heath.
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
Loyalty of Ministers is more important. Theresa May dismissal of Rudd and Garnier - Blair's inability to sack Brown
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Who did Theresa May dismiss and how did that affect her power?
Amber Rudd as Home Secretary and Mark Garnier as International Trade Minister which shows that the PM's power is determined by the discipline of her cabinet which makes the party look weak and unorganised which in turn means that they have less power
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NATIONAL OCCURRINGS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Brexit and the Scottish Referendum
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How did the Scottish Referendum affect the PM's power?
Cameron took a gamble by allowing a referendum to occur and so in 2014 55% of the population voted to stay with the UK which made Cameron look like a strong PM which got the Conservatives a majority in 2015 therefore they didn't need to share power
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How does Brexit affect Theresa May's power?
Theresa had to let in Brexiteers in her cabinet to have a balanced cabinet in order to ensure that the transition process of the EU to go smoothly. E.g. Boris Johnson as foreign minister and Priti Patel as minister for international development.
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The PM power is determined by the majority that the PM holds - Thatcher and Blair majorities and power
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What was Thatcher's majority in 1983?
144
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What was Blair's majority in 1997?
179
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What was Cameron's minority in 2010 before the coalition with the LibDem
-20
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What is May's Minority?
318 seats (without the 10 DUP seats)
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Card 2

Front

What are the topics?

Back

Loyalty of Ministers; Dismissal of Ministers; Cabinet Committee's & Meetings; The PM's Office

Card 3

Front

LOYALTY OF MINISTERS

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the evidence for this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who did Blair appoint as Home Secretary due to loyalty?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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