6F gender, power & domestic labour

what is domestic labour
work done within the household
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what did Parsons say about domestic labour?
men and women performed different forms of domestic labour to suit their natural biology
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who established joing/segregated conjungal roles?
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what are segregated conjungal roles
domestic work done separately which is based on traditional gender norms
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what are joint conjungal roles
domestic work which is shared equally and not confined to gender roles and leisure time is also shared
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what did willmott and young find
they studied couples in London and found an increase in the symmetrical family where domestic labour and gender roles were becoming more equal
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who criticised willmott and young?
ann oakley, boulton and delphy
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what did ann oakley say?
she interviewed 40 women and found they received little help from their husbands and men only had to perform one chore a week to be included in their study
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what did boulton say?
20% of men had the main role in childcare
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what did delphy argue?
domestic work was unpaid and untimed like regular work
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what did future foundations find?
researched 1000 couples and found that 60% of men said they did more housework than their father and 75% of women said they did less housework than their mother
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what did the british social attitudes survey find?
domestic labour is influenced by gender norms as women are more likely to cook and clean while men are more likely to make house repairs
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what did man yee kan find?
mens domestic labour has increased but men are more likely to do non-routined masculine labour
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what did warde and hetherington find?
women are 30x more likely to do the washing and men are 4x more likely to wash the car
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what did fiona devine find?
mens domestic labour increased when their wives were working
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what did gershuny find?
there was a lagged adaptation where it took time for mens domestic labour to increase before it was equal when their wives were at work
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what did silver and schor find?
labour saving devices have reduced the amount of time women spend on housework (microwaves, dishwashers, cleaning products)
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what did dex and ward find
only 1% of fathers took responsibility for caring for their sick child
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what did braun find?
in 3/70 families the father was the main carer
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what did southerton find?
men have blocks of uninterrupted leisure time whilst womens leisure time is punctuated by childcare. women are also responsible for planning quality family time
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what did dunscombe and marsden argue?
women face the triple shift (housework, paid work and emotion work) they are responsible for managing and maintaining the emotions of the other family members
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what did vogler and pahl find?
there were two main ways couples managed their finance; pooling (joint account with joint responsibility) or allowance systems (husband controlled the bank account and gave his wife an allowance for the family needs
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what did smart find?
gay couples usually attached no importance to who controlled the finance and it had nothing to do with power
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what did weeks find?
couples often had a joint account with shared responsibility and their own separate accounts for their personal spending
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what did edgell find?
studied 38 middle class couples and found women usually make more frequent less important decisions (food shopping, weekends) and men usually make less frequent more important decisions (moving, finance, car)
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what did laurie and gershuny find?
women with high pay and status have more say in decisions
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what is non decision making?
decisions that dont require conscious decisions or discussions and are based on assumptions which men benefit from
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what did dunne find?
studied 37 lesbian couples and found that housework and childcare was equal because they were not confined to traditional gender roles
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what is domestic violence?
extreme inequality of power enforced through violence
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what did walby and allen find?
women are more likely to be victims of multiple abuse
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what did ansora and hindin find?
women suffer more severe violence and psychological damage
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what did dobash and dobash argue?
marriage enforces violence by giving power to men
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what did Black argue?
low social class families are more likely to experience domestic abuse because they experience more stress which leads to violence
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what did the crime survey for england and wales find?
there was a narrow gap between male victims 5% and female victims 7.3%
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what did yeamshire find?
women are assaulted around 35x before reporting it
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what did cheal find?
victims are reluctant to going to the police because they ignore the dark side of the family and assume that people can leave their partners when they might be reliant on them
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what did dar find?
victims of domestic abuse are less likely to report it because they find the process too trivial
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why are men reluctant to report domestic abuse?
it is a threat to their masculinity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


what did Parsons say about domestic labour?


men and women performed different forms of domestic labour to suit their natural biology

Card 3


who established joing/segregated conjungal roles?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


what are segregated conjungal roles


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


what are joint conjungal roles


Preview of the front of card 5
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