1.2.2

This is the heart, Blood and Blood Vessles
Cardiovascular System
1 of 24
This is the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels
Blood Pressure
2 of 24
This is the maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts
Systolic Blood Pressure
3 of 24
This is the pressure of the blood during the relaxation phases of the heart beat
Diastolic Blood Pressure
4 of 24
This is a waste product that is produced quicker with higher intensity of exercise and can lead to muscle aches and cramps
Lactic Acid
5 of 24
This is the amount of blood ejected from the heart on one minute
Cardiac Output
6 of 24
The amount of blood pumped out of the heart in one minute.
Stroke Volume
7 of 24
The heart becomes bigger and stronger, meaning it can supply the same amount of blood in fewer beats.
Decreased resting Heart Rate
8 of 24
The heart can return to its normal rate after exercise quicker than it used to be able to.
Quicker heart recovery rate
9 of 24
More blood is pumped by the heart every week, making it more efficient and stronger. This also leads to increased cardio output
Increased Stroke Volume
10 of 24
The heart is more efficient and stronger as a result of exercise.
Reduced Blood Pressure
11 of 24
Blood vessels are more flexible and efficient and so stay clear as well as increasing the number of capillaries in the heart
Healthier veins and arteries
12 of 24
Where gas exchange takes place
Capillaries
13 of 24
A fatty substance carried in the blood by lipoproteins
Cholesterol
14 of 24
Contains more proteins than fat and carries the cholesterol away from the heart and to the liver where it is removed from the body
High Density Lipoproteins
15 of 24
Consists mainly of fats and can lead to a build-up of plaque in the blood and can restrict the blood flow to the arteries
Low Density Lipoproteins
16 of 24
Raises blood pressure because they release adrenaline.
Nicotine in cigarettes
17 of 24
Constricts the arteries and causes the heart to beat faster
Adrenaline
18 of 24
Lowers HDL and increases the tendency for blood to clot.
Smoking
19 of 24
These can lead to serious problems such as heart attacks or strokes.
Blood Clots
20 of 24
Long-term abuse of this can lead to the lowering of blood pressure
Alcohol
21 of 24
The long-term benefits of the cardiovascular system resulting from regular exercise
Decreased resting heart rate, Quicker heart recovery rate, Increases stroke volume, Reduced blood pressure, Healthier Veins and Arteries
22 of 24
The two forms of Lipoproteins
HDL and LDL
23 of 24
The effects of recreational drugs on the cardiovascular system
Nicotine in cigarettes, Smoking and Alcohol
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This is the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels

Back

Blood Pressure

Card 3

Front

This is the maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

This is the pressure of the blood during the relaxation phases of the heart beat

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

This is a waste product that is produced quicker with higher intensity of exercise and can lead to muscle aches and cramps

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Cardiovascular system resources »