5. UK Constitution

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1. Evaluate the view that constitutional reforms in the UK since 1997 have been weak, incomplete and require further change
blah blah blah
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What are the topics?
Human Rights; Freedom of Information Act; House of Lords
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HUMAN RIGHTS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
The 7/11 attacks and the European Convention of Human Rights
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What was the 7/11 attacks?
During the 7/11 attacks in 2005 the government suspended the human rights act. This shows that due to Parliamentary Sovereignty and a lack of a codified constitution the Human rights act is weak and requires further change.
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What is the issue with the European Convention of Human Rights?
Now that we are leaving the EU the European Convention of Human Rights no longer applies to us which will leave the UK with inefficient legislation in regards to human rights due to the Human Rights Act being incomplete and not fleshed out enough.
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
Liberty's actions
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What act did Liberty get repealed due to complaining to the European court in Strasbourg?
2010 - The 2000 Terrorism Act (Allowed the stop and search of suspicious individuals)
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What other Act did Liberty get repealed by protesting?
2010 - ID Cards Act (Even though 80% of public supported it)
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FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
The downsides of the FoIA
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What are the downsides of the FoIA?
The act makes 'sensitive information" and "trade secrets" among other things exceptions to the act and furthermore if it costs a business more than £450 to retrieve the information then legally then can refuse.
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In 2017 what percentage of denied FOI requests were due to costs?
29%
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What was the "Cambridge Analytica" controversy?
Several high profile donors of the Conservative party are said to be linked with this violation of the Data Protection Act of 1998
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The commission created to enforce this liberty - the stats on FOI requests - The public viewing of official government documents open to scrutiny by the public
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How many FOI requests were made in 2017, how many were granted in full and how many were responded to in time?
46,500 - 46% granted in full - 92% responded in time
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What is the commission for the enforcement of this act called?
Information Commissioner's Office
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HOUSE OF LORDS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
House of Lords Hereditary peers and powers
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How many hereditary peers and bishops are in the HoL?
92 Hereditary - 26 bishops
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How long can the HoL delay bills?
Up to 1 year
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The HoL reforms
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What is the 1911 Parliament Act?
It reduces the veto time to 2 years and the HoL cannot veto money bills
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What is the 1945 Salisbury convention?
It prevents the HoL to veto any bill stated in the majority parties manifesto.
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What is the 1949 Parliament Act?
It further reduces the HoL veto to 1 year
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What is the 1999 House of Lords Act?
It reduced the amount of Hereditary peers from 600 to 92.
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What is the other advantage of the HoL not being elected?
The house of lords is neutral of any political bias due to them not having to be responsible of constituents and also, they are professionals in different fields rather than just being political figures e.g. Doctors and business men.
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Card 2

Front

What are the topics?

Back

Human Rights; Freedom of Information Act; House of Lords

Card 3

Front

HUMAN RIGHTS

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the evidence for this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the 7/11 attacks?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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