4 Main Jewish Groups in 1st Century Palestine

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Which religious group believed in resurrection, immortality of the soul, a judgement day and a Messiah?
Pharisees - they were also meticulous in keeping the law, containing 613 commandments.
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Which group reject oral tradition and sided with the ruling classes?
Sadducees - Their name is derived from Zadok, the chief priest during Solomon's reign.
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True or False? - The Sadducees and Pharisees contrasted hugely
True - The Sadducees were very conservative in their beliefs as they thought that the Temple would bring material gain.
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About which religious group did Josephus write 'have none but the rich on their side.'
The Sadducees - High priests were namely Sadducees as they were a wealthy group.
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Which religious group was only estimated to have about 4000 members?
The Essenes - they were of little influence and set up isolated communities.
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What is the origin of the word Pharisees?
The word is thought to have meant 'separated ones' - they wanted separation from Roman and Greek influence.
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What did the Sadducees believe in?
They did not believe in resurrection of the dead, angels or demons and that people had free choice in their religion.
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Who is not mentioned in the Gospels?
The Essenes - we only managed to become aware of them through their remains of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Jordan.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which group reject oral tradition and sided with the ruling classes?

Back

Sadducees - Their name is derived from Zadok, the chief priest during Solomon's reign.

Card 3

Front

True or False? - The Sadducees and Pharisees contrasted hugely

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

About which religious group did Josephus write 'have none but the rich on their side.'

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which religious group was only estimated to have about 4000 members?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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