3rd Crusade

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1. How sucessful was 3rd Crusade in achieving aims? Example

  • Potentially dangerous as they had a stronger force against them
  • set out to recapture Edessa
  • Did not recapture Jerusalem
  • only the rich and nobility could afford to travel easy. selfish
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2. Explain why 3rd Crusade took place?

  • they did on a promise all crusader states captured returned
  • Before Saladin – Crusader states ok, Battle of Hattin
  • Spring 1180: Baldwin marries his sister Sibylla to Guy of Lusignan,
  • Louis made soldiers travel on foot across Byzantium to get there

3. Explain why Jerusalem was lost in 1187? examples

  • Promises never kept distrusted him
  • Late September: Muslims began to besiege! 29thSept: Recaptured
  • only the rich and nobility could afford to travel easy
  • his brother Aimery was Royal Constable

4. Explain why King Guy lost Battle of Hattin? examples

  • did not request them He did not want them coming into his land
  • 1 May: Saladin easily overwhelmed small force of Templar and Hospitallers Battle of Cresson
  • Feb/March1185:HenryII orders huge tax, doesn’t go
  • made soldiers travel on foot across Byzantium to get to there

5. Explain why Richard went on 3rd Crusade? Examples

  • Last time, they did a promise on all crusader states captured
  • Personal connections to Holy land (through mother, Eleanor)
  • Secures borders so he can focus on Holy Land. Gathered armies
  • made sure people who went in boats had to pay a high price for it

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