2.1: The historical debate

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Name (5) points in Fischer's Thesis
Germany pursued European hegemony, Bethmann played a key role, Germany planned for war, Germany increased tensions before war, Germany escalated July Crisis into war
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Name (7) arguments that show Germany was not entirely responsible
No evidence for long-term plan, Germany was just reacting to encirclement, other European powers responsible, the Alliance system created tension, Entente built up weapons, Germany didn't cause July Crisis, other powers escalated July Crisis
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When did Fischer publish 'Germany's Aims in the First World War'?
1961
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When did Fischer publish 'War of Illusions'?
1969
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Until Fischer, what was the historical opinion of the responsibility for war?
No country solely responsible, alliance system and arms race made countries move towards conflict
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Card 2

Front

Name (7) arguments that show Germany was not entirely responsible

Back

No evidence for long-term plan, Germany was just reacting to encirclement, other European powers responsible, the Alliance system created tension, Entente built up weapons, Germany didn't cause July Crisis, other powers escalated July Crisis

Card 3

Front

When did Fischer publish 'Germany's Aims in the First World War'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did Fischer publish 'War of Illusions'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Until Fischer, what was the historical opinion of the responsibility for war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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