2. Memory - keywords

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MSM
Explanation of memory, sees info. flowing through series of storage systems
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SR
short-duration store holding impressions of information recieved by senses
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STM
temporary store holding small amounts of info. for brief periods
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LTM
permanent store holding limitless amounts of info. for long periods
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Coding
means by which info. in represented in memory
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Capacity
amount of info. that can be stored at a given time
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Duration
lenght of time info. remains in storage
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Chuncking
method of increasing STM capacity by group info. into. larger units
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Retrieval
Recall of stored memories
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WMM
Explanation that sees STM as active store holding several pieces of info. simultaneously
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CE
component of WMM, overseas and co-ordinates components of working memory
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PL
component of WMM, deals with auidtory info.
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VSS
component of WMM, deals with visual info. annd physical relationships of items
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EB
component of WMM, temp. store of integrated info from CE, PL, VSS and LTM
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PAS
part of PL, stores words heard
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AP
part of PL, allows sub-vocal repitition of info.
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VC
part of VSS, stores info. about form and colour
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IS
part of VSS, stores info. about physical relationships of items
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EM
form of LTM, for events occurring in individual's life
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SM
form of LTM, for meanings, understandings and other concept-based knowledge
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PM
form of LTM, for performance of particular types of action
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Forgetting
failure to retrieve memories
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Retrieval failure
explanation for forgetting, material stored in LTM cannot be conciously retrieved due to lack of retrieval cues
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IT
explanation for forgetting, similar material confused in recall from LTM
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Proactive interference
Occurs when past mems. inhibit individual's full potenital to retain new mems.
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Retroactive interference
occurs when newly learned mems. inhibit individual's full potential to recall old mems.
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CDF
explanation for forgetting, based upon failure to retrieve prompts that trigger recall
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Context-dependent failure
form of CDF, occurs in different external setting to coding
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State-dependent failure
form of CDF, occurs in different internal setting to coding
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EWT
evidence provided by those recalling an event who were present when the event took place
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Schema
readiness to interpret sensory info. in a pre-set manner
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Misleading information
ino. that suggests desired response
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Post-event discussion
info. added to a memory after event has occured
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Anxiety
unpleasant state of emotional arousal
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CI
procedure of police questioning of witnessees that promotes accurate, detailed recall of events
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SPI
established method of police questioning
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ECI
advanced method of questioning witnesses thatt overcomes problems caused by inappropriate sequencing of questions
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MCI
amended form of CI
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Mnemonics
techniques that promote memory recall
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Active processing
subjecting info. to depp and meaningful analysis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

SR

Back

short-duration store holding impressions of information recieved by senses

Card 3

Front

STM

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

LTM

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Coding

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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