19th Century Public Health

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Name 3 or more problems people faced during the industrial revolution in regard to public health
Shoddy houses were built and were too close together (back to back, or around a shared courtyard), No roads, Water contamination, No sewage removal so it began to pile up, The industrial towns were overcrowded and Malnourishment
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What NEGATIVE effects on health did the industrial revolution cause?
Malnourishment caused people to be too weak to fight off disease, Damp and overcrowding led to the widespread of very infectious diseases, Endemics killed many people, Epidemics were common, Very low mortality rate
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What was the Governments main belief about Public Health?
Laissez-Faire, otherwise known as do nothing and leave it alone
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Why were the rich opposed to laws helping public health?
They had to pay for many of the measure through taxes and they weren't as affected by it
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What belief did the working class have about the Government getting involved?
Self Help - The idea that people shouldn't get involved as they may become dependent on them
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Briefly describe the job Edwin Chadwick was set out to do
Edwin Chadwick was given the job to investigate the living conditions in East London in 1838 - This was extended to the whole country by 1842
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What was the name of Chadwick's famous report?
Report on the sanitary conditions of the Labouring population of Great Britain
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What link did Chadwick discover?
Disease and poor living conditions
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Who's work backed up Chadwick's theory?
Dr Southwood Smith
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Name 3 or more practical ideas Chadwick presented about public health
Build drains from houses to main sewers, Remove the sewage through pipes, Sell the sewage to farmers as fertiliser, Improve the water supplies, Build the cemeteries on the edge of town and Each town should have a body responsible for public health
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What group of people did Chadwick create tension with and why?
Medical profession, he did this by ignoring their role in people's health
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What did William Farr do?
He used death certificates to collate statistical evidence linking disease with filth
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What was the 1848 Public Health Act, and what did it state?
A central board of health in London was to sit for 5 years, and Local boards of health could be set up if 10% of rate payers agreed, and these local boards could improve water supply and sewage disposal systems
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What were the problems associated with the 1848 Public Health Act
It wasn't compulsory so many towns didn't bother and it was coming out of the rate payers pockets
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When did cholera strike (2 dates)
1854 and 1866
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Briefly describe the work of John Snow
John Snow proved the link between Cholera and dirty water
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What was the year that John Snow made his greatest discovery?
1854
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What theory did Pasteur come up with, and when?
He came up with the 'Germ Theory' and this happened in1864
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Who was the first medical officer, and when was he appointed
Sir John Simon was the 1st Medical officer and he was appointed in 1858
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What important actions did the 1st medical officer take?
Pushed for preventative measures, for example efficient sewers and clean water supply, Pushed for curative measures, and therefore was accepted more by Doctors and persuaded the government to set up the 'Royal Sanitary Commission'
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What did the 1875 Public Health Act state?
Encompassed all the previous acts and made local authorities appoint a medical inspector and forced local authorities provide clean water, street lamps, drainage and sewage disposal
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Why did the 1875 public health act work better than the 1848 public health act?
The 1875 Public Health Act was a COMPULSORY legislation
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What did Joesph Rowntree do?
He built model houses for working class citizens
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Name a few of the 'Other Acts' which were encompassed in the 1875 Public Health Act
1858 Public Health Act - Allowed Towns to set up Boards of Health,1866 Sanitary Act - Each town had to appoint sanitary inspectors and 1872 Public Health Act - Divided the country into 'Sanitary Areas' which were all overseen by a medical officer
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Card 2

Front

What NEGATIVE effects on health did the industrial revolution cause?

Back

Malnourishment caused people to be too weak to fight off disease, Damp and overcrowding led to the widespread of very infectious diseases, Endemics killed many people, Epidemics were common, Very low mortality rate

Card 3

Front

What was the Governments main belief about Public Health?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why were the rich opposed to laws helping public health?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What belief did the working class have about the Government getting involved?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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