19th and 20th century medical pioneers and important dates

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 05-08-13 15:06
1796
Edward Jenner tested his theory about smallpox and cowpox on a young boy named James Phipps.
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1797
Jenner submitted a paper to the Royal Society but they told him he needed more proof.
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1798
Jenner experimented on several other children including his 11-month old son. His results were finally published.
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1840
The smallpox vaccination was made free for infants.
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1853
The vaccination for smallpox was made compulsory.
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1700s - Spontaneous Generation
The theory that the cause of disease was down to microorganisms and they appeared because of illness.
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1857
Louis Pasteur was employed to find the explanation for the souring of sugar beet used in fermenting industrial alcohol. His answer was to blame the germs in the air.
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1882
Robert Koch discovered the the bacteria that cause septicaemia and tuberculosis.
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1883
Robert Koch discovered the bacteria that caused cholera.
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1875
German scientist Robert Koch began linking diseases to the microbe that caused them. He dyed microbes. He identified anthrax spores.
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1877
With Chamberland's chance discovery they found the cure for cholera.
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1885
Pasteur tried his rabies cure on a young boy that was going to die and it worked.
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1889
Paul Ehrlich set out to discover chemicals that could act as synthetic antibodies. His first discovery was dyes that could kill malaria and sleeping sickness germs.
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1905
Ehrlich discovered the spirochete bacterium that causes syphilis. Over 600 compounds were tested but none seemed to work, the hunt for the magic bullet for syphilis was still being found.
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1909
Sahachiro Hata joined Ehrlich's team ad checked all the compounds again, to their amazement, compound 606 seemed to work.
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1911
Compound 606 was first used on a human under the name Salvarsan 606.
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Card 2

Front

Jenner submitted a paper to the Royal Society but they told him he needed more proof.

Back

1797

Card 3

Front

Jenner experimented on several other children including his 11-month old son. His results were finally published.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The smallpox vaccination was made free for infants.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The vaccination for smallpox was made compulsory.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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