19th and 20th century

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  • Created by: lauren
  • Created on: 09-06-13 13:32
the 3 main problems in surgery as late as 1800
pain infection & bleeding
1 of 20
first 3 anaesthetics with dates
nitrous oxide 1799 ether 1842 chloroform 1847
2 of 20
main reason why simpson was able to discover chloroform
industrial revolution (chemical industries)
3 of 20
second reason
already discovery of oxygen + first 2 anaesthetics
4 of 20
main reason why simpsons breakthrough was initially opposed
moral / religious reasons (calvinists)
5 of 20
second reason
animal officers - charge of cowardice
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year in which queen victoria used chloroform
1853
7 of 20
2 new anaesthetics available by 1900
curare and novocaine
8 of 20
lister great breakthrough by 1867
carbolic acid
9 of 20
this reduced the death rate by 47.7% to
15%
10 of 20
main reason why lister was able to make his breakthrough
semmelweiss and pasteurs work
11 of 20
second reason
black period surgery
12 of 20
chief reason why listers methods were initially rejected
germ theory unproven
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2nd significant reason
surgeons preferred speed eg liston
14 of 20
type of surgery in the 1890's influenced by lister
aseptic
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techniques pioneered in 1895 aiding 'chemical observation'
x-ray
16 of 20
discover of blood groups --- year ---
karl landsteiner and 1901
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name 2 subsequent developments due to number 17
blood transfusions / blood storage
18 of 20
pare influenced this medical approach, first used in world war 1 but more evident in world war ll
plastic surgery
19 of 20
thank you, Mr Harvey, for establishing the principle that led to this medical breakthrough in 1967
1st human heart transplant
20 of 20

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Card 2

Front

first 3 anaesthetics with dates

Back

nitrous oxide 1799 ether 1842 chloroform 1847

Card 3

Front

main reason why simpson was able to discover chloroform

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

second reason

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

main reason why simpsons breakthrough was initially opposed

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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