1960's Britain - the Establishment

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1. How did Macmillan attempt to modernise the conservative party?

  • Created the Profumo affair
  • Tried to join the EEC (European Economic Community) and removed some Establishment figuires from his cabinet.
  • Introduced an effective stop-go policy and reduced inflation
  • Replaced his working class cabinet with Establishment figuires
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2. What is the Establishment?

  • Lower or middle class politicians that worked their way up through meritocracy
  • Typically upper class and aristocratic white males educated at Eton/Harrow and following on to Oxford/Cambridge
  • David Cameron
  • Nigel Farage

3. What year was the Profumo affair revealed?

  • 1959
  • 1963
  • 1978
  • 1965

4. Choose one reason why Douglas-Home lost the 1964 election.

  • Home was too little of an Establishment figuire and the people wanted more.
  • People didn't like Home's haircut
  • Internal party divides: figures like Enoch Powell were uncomfortable with the Establishmentarian leader and wanted change.
  • People were bored of Home

5. Who were the "angry young men?"

  • Angry people
  • Group of contemporary writers that rejected traditional literature and theatre and wrote plays and books that reflected contemporary society.
  • Group of men that help a revolution against Douglas-Home
  • People who protested for better pay


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