1906-1914: Reforms and Repression

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What were Stolypin's 3 peasant reforms that gave them better independence?
9th Nov 1906 a law passed freed peasants from the land, 15th Nov 1906 the Peasants Land Bank was instructed to give loans to peasants wanting to leave communes, 1st Jan 1907 redemption fees are abolished
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What was the result of Stolypin's peasant reforms?
By 1915 peasant landowners held 50% of the land, this figure was at 20% in 1905
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Why did Stolypin want to reform agragarian society?
To create a wealthy class of peasants loyal to the Tsarist regime
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What was one of Stolypin's main achievements
Restoring peace and order
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How did many see the Duma?
As a step towards democracy
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What was the Fundamental Law (1906)?
It became the new constitution for Russia, creating a national parliament. The Duma was elected and the council of the state was partially elected and partially nominated by the Tsar
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With authority now in Stolypin's hands political assassinations fell from 1200 in 1907 to...
365 in 1908
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What was one of the ways that Stolypin encouraged economic development?
Cheap land was made available to buy in undeveloped areas such as Siberia
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What was the Lena Goldfields Massacre (1912)?
Workers went on strike which ended in police intervention and killings (basically a repeat of Bloody Sunday)
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How were Jewish people treated?
They were attacked violently in the years 1905-6, these racial attacks were known as Pogroms
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What did Stolypin use as methods of control?
field court Marshalls, death sentences, hard labour in prison camps and exile
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How did Stolypin attempt to reduce the activity of opposition?
Censorship - revolutionary trade unions and newspapers were closed, the St. Petersburg Soviet was also closed and the members were arrested
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What were the 'Black Hundreds'?
A terrorist faction of the 'Union of Russian people' (defendants of the Tsarist regime) that attacked reformers and those opposed to the Tsar
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Why was the third Duma a step backwards?
It was restricted to wealthy male voters (likely to be Pro-Tsar) to reduce reformers and opposition influence in government
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What was the result of Stolypin's peasant reforms?

Back

By 1915 peasant landowners held 50% of the land, this figure was at 20% in 1905

Card 3

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Why did Stolypin want to reform agragarian society?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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What was one of Stolypin's main achievements

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Card 5

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How did many see the Duma?

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