1848-9 Revolutions

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  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 18-11-13 18:16
What were some of the short term causes of these revolutions?
Harvest failure in 1846-7; a new Pope elected
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What were some of the things that the Pope did to convince people that he was liberal?
Free 2,000 political prisoners; created a consulta (someone to advise him); removed press censorship;
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What was the cause of the revolution in Lombardy - Milan?
There was a tobacco boycott
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Why was this boycott part of the reason people revolted?
People would attack any Austrian they saw smoking, this eventually led to a full scale revolution
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What was this revolution known as?
The Five Days
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When did these Five Days run for?
17-22nd March 1848
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Who was General Radetzky?
A commander of the Austrian army
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Why did he and his troops leave Lombardy?
Because of the revolt in Vienna; Metternich resigned
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When did Metternich resign?
13th March 1848
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Who did they ask for protection?
Charles Albert
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Why did demonstrations take place in Venetia?
To free a Republican patriot Daniele Manin
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Who got involved?
Italian soldiers within the Austrian army
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What were the consequences?
Manin was released
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The state offered military support, to whom?
Charles Albert
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Venice voted in favour to be united with Piedmont, when was this held?
July 1848
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Over to Piedmont, Albert granted a constitution - called the?
Statuto
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What did this guarantee?
Individual liberty
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Albert was persuaded to declare war on Austria, when?
22nd March 1848
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Albert had little desire for..?
Unity
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Instead he wanted to annex?
Lombardy
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So with three main states, Charles Albert now provided a united front against Austria. Which were these three states again?
Piedmont, Lombardy and Venetia
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Albert then saw the arrival of two other states for assistance, which were they?
Naples and Papal States' armies
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Led by?
General Pepe of Naples and General Durango of Papal
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However, Durango went behind a very important person's back, who was it?
The Pope
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How did the Pope respond?
By issuing the Papal Allocution
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When was this issued?
29th April 1848
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What did the allocution declare?
That the Austrian war didn't have the Pope's blessing; Charles Albert was in the wrong for beginning the war;
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What did the Pope now oppose?
The idea of a united Italy and ever leading a federation
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This became a problem for Albert because..?
A lot of the Papal army among others returned home
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However, the war did go initially well for Albert because?
He won the first main battle
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But Radetzky returned and his army defeated Albert, when and where?
Battle of Custozza 24th July 1848
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After feeling brave and being persuaded again, he decided to go back to war with them. Only to be defeated. when/where?
Battle of Novara 23rd March 1849
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Albert was now humiliated, he abdicated in favour of his son..?
Victor Emmanuel II
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Card 2

Front

What were some of the things that the Pope did to convince people that he was liberal?

Back

Free 2,000 political prisoners; created a consulta (someone to advise him); removed press censorship;

Card 3

Front

What was the cause of the revolution in Lombardy - Milan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was this boycott part of the reason people revolted?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was this revolution known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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