1.2 Party policies and ideas

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Political party
An association of people who share common political beliefs and aspirations. Parties normally seek to gain political power or a share of power in order to further their aims and beliefs.
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Factionalism
A tendency within parties to split into different internal groups who hold views that are at variance with the main beliefs of the party. Such groups, or factions, may be formal groupings or merely informal tendencies.
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Left/right
A commonly used way of describing political tendencies. Left wing normally refers to ideas associated with socialism or social democracy, while right wing normally refers to conservative ideas.
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Conservatism
A state of mind and a political movement that is naturally averse to excessive change and reform. It is sceptical about strongly held political views, prefers the known to the unknown and generally supports the retention of traditional institutions
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Socialism
A state of mind and a political movement that places such values as equality of opportunity, social justice and collectivism high on its scale of values. It is either opposed to free-market capitalism or proposes measures to moderate the undesirable
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Liberalism
A state of political mind or a political movement that places freedom, rights and tolerance high on its scale of values.
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New Right
It is largely a combination of very liberal attitudes towards the free market and capitalist economy and very conservative attitudes to society, morality and the maintenance of law and order.
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New Labour
The name given to the leadership of the Labour Party, later to the party as a whole, which came to prominence in the mid-1990s. New Labour was a moderate version of the old Labour Party and was seen as a combination of liberalism and social democracy
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Consensus politics
A circumstance where two or more major political parties broadly agree on most basic policies i.e. a period when there are few or no major political conflicts. It may also refer to a single issue where parties support the same policy.
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Adversary politics
The opposite of consensus. This is a circumstance where political parties are engaged in considerable conflict over political issues.
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Card 2

Front

A tendency within parties to split into different internal groups who hold views that are at variance with the main beliefs of the party. Such groups, or factions, may be formal groupings or merely informal tendencies.

Back

Factionalism

Card 3

Front

A commonly used way of describing political tendencies. Left wing normally refers to ideas associated with socialism or social democracy, while right wing normally refers to conservative ideas.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A state of mind and a political movement that is naturally averse to excessive change and reform. It is sceptical about strongly held political views, prefers the known to the unknown and generally supports the retention of traditional institutions

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A state of mind and a political movement that places such values as equality of opportunity, social justice and collectivism high on its scale of values. It is either opposed to free-market capitalism or proposes measures to moderate the undesirable

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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