1. Democracy

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  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 20-05-18 20:21
1. Evaluate the extent to which the UK is in the midst of a ‘participation crisis' (30)
blah blah blah
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What is the line of argument?
That apathy is a key factor (They vote for what they understand/care about
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What are the 4 topics?
Decreasing Voter Turnout; Pressure Group Membership; Political Party Membership and Political Education
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DECREASING VOTER TURNOUT
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Local Election Turnouts
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What was the Local election turnouts for 2014 and 1018?
2014; 35% - 2018: 43%
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What was the General Election Turnout for 1992, 2011 and 2017?
1992: 77% - 2001: 60% - 2017: 68%
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
Scottish referendum and Brexit referendum
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What was the Scottish referendum turnout?
85%
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What was the Brexit referendum turnout?
72.2%
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PRESSURE GROUP MEMBERSHIP
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Momentum membership (Left wing promotion group) and Greenpeace UK membership
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What is Momentum's membership?
40,000
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What is GreenPeace Uk's membership
20,000
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What is the Counterpoint evidence?
Trade Union membership and BMA membership
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What are the trade unions membership?
6.2 million
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What is the BMA's membership?
160,000
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POLITICAL PARTY MEMBERSHIP
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Conservatives and LibDem
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What is the Conservative party membership?
2002: 270,000 - 2018: 120,000
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What is the LibDem party membership?
2010: 65,000 - 2018: 49,000
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What is the Counterpoint evidence?
Labour membership
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What is the Labour party's membership?
2015: 390,000 - 2018: 550,000
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POLITICAL EDUCATION
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Lack of GCSE Politics options in schools - Lack of a codified constitution so people are less political - QUANGO shut down (Political Forum) - Some knowledge is on the internet so unavailable to some people.
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What is the Counterpoint evidence?
There is plenty of information out there but you have to just look for it - The government tried to educate people about Brexit through booklets (Only because the executive is remain)
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2. Evaluate the extent to which the UK suffers from a ‘democratic deficit’ (30)
blah blah blah
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What is the line of argument?
The UK is not in a democratic deficit
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What are the topics?
Inefficient FPTP; Representative Democracy; House of Lords; Parliamentary Sovereignty
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INEFFICIENT FPTP
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Wasted Votes and Tactical Voting
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How many wasted votes were there in the 2010 and 2015 election?
2010: 15.7 mil - 2015: 22 mil
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How many votes were tactical in the 2015 election?
2.8 mil (10%)
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
Small groups having a big influence and The rejection of the AV system
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What small group in what country is an example of too much influence?
The FDP party in Germany
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What was the outcome of the 2011 AV vote?
32% Yes - 62% No (Could be that people didn't understand AV or that people prefer FPTP because it's simple) The people prefer FPTP so it is democratically legitimate
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REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
MP's being free to do what they want for 5 years and reduces political engagement due to people not feeling qualified to decide and trust MP's to make decisions for them.
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What is an example of an MP who manipulated his constituents?
Lutfur Rahman in 2015 Tower Hamlets (Solicited non-English speaking elders to vote for him.)
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The people still vote for the MP so it is still democracy and The MP's can perform surgeries to hear the wishes of their constituents
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When and how many surgeries did Stephen Timms perform?
2011: 2300 surgeries
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HOUSE OF LORDS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Unelected House of Lords peers and Powers of the HOL
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How many hereditary peers does the House of Lords have? And how many bishops?
92 Hereditary and 26 Bishops
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How long can the House of Lords veto legislation?
Up to one year
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
Reforms to the House of Lords
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What was the 1911 Parliament Act ?
It prevented the House of Lords to veto money bills and reduced veto time to 2 years
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What was the Salisbury Convention?
It prevented the House of Lords to veto legislation that was in the majority party's manifesto
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What was the 1946 Parliament Act ?
It further reduced veto time to 1 year
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What was the House of Lords Act of 1999?
It reduced the number of hereditary peers from 600 to 92
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PARLIAMENTARY SOVEREIGNTY
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Supreme power of Parliament and the EU
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What did Parliament suspend during the 7/11 attacks?
The Human Rights Act
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What did Parliament do to those that live in the homes taken down to build way for the HS2 railway?
Forced them out
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What does Brexit mean for Parliamentary Sovereignty?
This means that now Parliament has even more power and can suspend any rights and liberties the population has
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The Brexit referendum
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Why did the government have to follow through with Brexit?
Because even though theoretically they can ignore the referendum results politically it would be suicide for the Conservatives
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3. Evaluate the extent to which votes should be extended to 16 year olds (30)
blah blah blah
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What are the topics?
Other legal rights of that demographic; Maturity & Knowledge of that Demographic; The engagement of that demographic and the value of that demographics vote
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Other Legal Rights of That Demographic
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Their rights to do other things
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What other rights do 16 year olds have?
Join the Army - Work - Leave School - Marry - Sex - Medical Treatment
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The limitations of these rights
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What is the limitation on a 16 year old's right to marry?
They have to have parental consent
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What is a downside for 16 year olds working?
Not many 16 year olds work full time and 16 year olds have lower pay than other ages due to labour laws
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MATURITY & KNOWLEDGE OF THAT DEMOGRAPHIC
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
16 year olds have access to political information
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What ways can 16 year olds become informed on politics?
GCSE Politics - A-Level Politics - Online Research - Books and Newspapers
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
That they would be influenced to vote like their parents and that 16 year olds lack the life knowledge to vote
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THE ENGAGEMENT OF THAT DEMOGRAPHIC
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Y P and the Scottish Referendum
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What organisation allows 16 year olds to engage with politics?
The Youth Parliament
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What was the turnout for the Scottish Referendum from 16 year olds?
3/4
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The small size of the Youth Parliament - the Scottish Referendum overall turnout and lack of paritcipation from 18-24 year olds so what difference will 16-17 year olds make?
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What was the overall turnout of the Scottish referendum?
85%
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THE VALUE OF THAT DEMOGRAPHICS VOTE
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
16 year olds should be able to vote about issues that affect them - it increases the democratic legitimacy of the elections - The political parties would then have to listen to them about issues
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
16 year olds don't vote in a majority of countries so the UK is not in the minority
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4. Evaluate the extent to which the pressure groups with the greatest means achieve their objectives
blah blah blah
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What are the topics?
Resources; Public Support; Government Attitude
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RESOURCES
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
The membership of the RSPCA and their statistics
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How many members does the RSPCA have?
2,000 staff and thousands of volunteers
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How much money did the RSPCA raise in 2016?
£12 Million
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How many animals did the RSPCA rescue in 2016?
130,000
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The Rupublic campaign for the abolition of the monarchy
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How many members does the RCAM have?
25,000 (Yet no progress showing that public support is necessary) (They launched during the Queens Jubilee when public support of the Queen was high)
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PUBLIC SUPPORT
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
The Feed Me Better Campaign and the Ghurka Justice campaign
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When was the "Feed Me Better" campaign and what did it result in?
2005 - It had little resources but mass public support saw to it that the government promised to invest £280 million in school meals
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When was the "Ghurka Justice Campaign" and how many Ghurka's did it affect?
It was in 1997 and it affected only 15,000 but public support saw to it that they achieve the Ghurka's right to residency in the UK
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
NACRO's aims and their achievements without public support
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What are NACRO's aims and what are their successes?
To resettle young offenders (Not that much public support) yet they still achieve their aims - Helped 40,000 people and secured safe housing for 1,200 custody leavers
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GOVERNMENT ATTITUDE
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
The BMA and the Father 4 Justice Campaign
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What did the government ask of the BMA and what did it result in?
They asked them to do a report on the harmful effects of smoking which resulted in a ban of smoking in public indoor areas in 2006
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What do Fathers 4 Justice do due to not having the ear of the government?
They scaled Buckingham Palace and threw pink powder at the PM during a PMQ in 2004 (Tony Blair)
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The Snowdrop Campaign
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What was the Snowdrop Campaign and what did it result in?
Mass shooting in a school n Scotland in 1996. The Campaign wanted a ban on handguns but the Conservative government only gave stricter regulation however in 1997 they lost to Labour with a 179 seat majority who then introduced a handgun ban
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6. Evaluate the extent to which rights and liberties are protected in the UK
blah blah blah
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What are the topics?
Parliamentary Sovereignty; Human Rights; Courts
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PARLIAMENTARY SOVEREIGNTY
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
European Convention on Human Rights (Would be political suicide for parliament to repeal any rights) - Liberty
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When was the European Convention on Human Rights established?
1953
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What was the 2000 Terrorism Act and what did the human rights pressure group Liberty do?
It allowed the stop and search of suspected terrorists by police - Liberty in 2010 went to Strasbourg the European Court and got the act repealed
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What other act did Liberty get repealed?
The ID Cards Act in 2010 even though 80% of the public supported it
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The 7/11 attacks and Brexit
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What did the government do during the 7/11 London attacks?
2005 - They suspended the Human Rights Act
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What does Brexit affect?
The lack of a better protection of human rights within the UK means that when we leave the European courts the peoples liberties will be less protected due to Parliaments supremacy
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HUMAN RIGHTS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
PACE
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What is PACE and what does it protect?
PACE Act of 1984 - If evidence is brought against you that came as a result of a breach of your human rights it is thrown out - If your human rights were violated while being detained your case will be thrown out
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The case of Abu Qatada
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Who is Abu Qatada and what happened?
He was an extremist Islamic preacher who was flown back to Jordan due to accusations that he suffered from torture at the hands of the UK government (Even though this protects his rights it violates the public's right to be safe from terrorists )
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COURTS
blah blah blah
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What is the evidence for this?
Birmingham School and Data Protection
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When was a school in Birmingham in trouble and why?
2017 - They separated boys and girls and this went against the 2010 Equality Act
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What is the Counterpoint evidence for this?
The Cake Bake case and Max Mosley
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When and what was the Cake Bake case?
2015 - Chirtian bakers didn't want to serve gay people (Freedom of Religion vs Equality)
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Who is Max Mosley and what dd he do?
He won a trial of his Right to Privacy in his sexual life vs the press' right to free speech
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the line of argument?

Back

That apathy is a key factor (They vote for what they understand/care about

Card 3

Front

What are the 4 topics?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

DECREASING VOTER TURNOUT

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the evidence for this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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