1.1: The constitution of the Second Reich

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When was Germany unified?
1871
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How many states unified to form Germany?
25
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Who unified Germany?
Bismarck
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What percentage of the population were Prussian?
62%
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What did Bismarck hope to achieve in the constitution? (2)
Protect Junkers, allow some popular democracy
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What were the Kaiser's powers? (5)
Commander-in-Chief of army, in charge of foreign policy, could appoint/dismiss Chancellor, could dissolve Reichstag, President of Bundesrat
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When did Kaiser Wilhelm II rule?
1888-1918
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What was the role of the Chancellor? (2)
Implement laws, present legislation to Reichstag
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Who could vote?
Men 25+
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What could the Reichstag do?
Vote to accept, reject or amend legislation
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What couldn't the Reichstag do?
Create legislation
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How many representatives were in the Bundesrat?
58
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How many were Prussian?
17
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How many votes did a veto require?
14
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What could the Bundesrat do? (3)
Make changes to the constitution, ratify legislation, veto
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What were the problems with the constitution? (5)
Reichstag no real power, mix between monarchy and democracy, Reichstag made it hard to stop spread of socialism, Chancellor and Kaiser had to agree with one another, Prussian dominance
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Why was Prussia dominant? (3)
Veto powers in Bundesrat, Bismarck and Kaiser Prussian, Prussia owned 2/3 land
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How had German-speaking states been unified previously?
Through a Zollverein
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Card 2

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How many states unified to form Germany?

Back

25

Card 3

Front

Who unified Germany?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What percentage of the population were Prussian?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Bismarck hope to achieve in the constitution? (2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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