1.1.3 Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle. KEY TERMS

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exercise
a form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and/or physical fitness.
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heart rate
the number /of times the heart beats each minute.
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aerobic
'with oxygen', if exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need.
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anaerobic
'without oxygen', if exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
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cardiovascular fitness
the ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.
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cardiorespiratory
to do with the heart and lungs.
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muscular strength
the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.
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muscular endurance
the ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.
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flexibility
the ability of the joint to move through its full range.
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body composition
the percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone.
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skill-related fitness
physical fitness that is related to health, which can change depending on an individual's exercise habits.
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agility
the ability change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
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balance
the ability to retain the body's centre of mass (gravity) above the base of support with reference to static (stationary), or dynamic (changing), conditions of movements, shape and orientation.
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coordination
the ability to use to or more body parts together.
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power
the ability to do strength performances quickly = strength x speed.
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reaction time
the time between the presentation of stimulus and the onset of a movement.
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speed
the differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the number /of times the heart beats each minute.

Back

heart rate

Card 3

Front

'with oxygen', if exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

'without oxygen', if exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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