1.1.3 ACIDS

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What is a Brønsted Lowry acid?
species that is a proton donor
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What happens to acids in aqueous solutions?
dissociate and release H+ ions
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What is a Brønsted Lowry base?
species that is a proton acceptor
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Describe the features of a base
an oxide or hydroxide of a metal or ammonia
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What is an alkali
a type of base that dissolves in water forming hydroxide ions
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When is a salt produced?
When the H+ ion of an acid is replaced by a metal or ammonium ion
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Acid + Metal ->
Acid + Metal -> Salt + Hydrogen
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Acid + Metal Oxide ->
Salt + Water
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Acid + Metal Hydroxide ->
Salt + Water
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Acid + Metal Carbonate ->
Salt + Water + Carbon dioxide
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Acid + Ammonium ->
Ammonium Salt
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Define anhydrous
a substance that contains no water molecules
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Define hydrated
crystalline compound containing water molecules
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What is water of crystallisation
water molecules that form an essential part of the crystalline structure of a compound
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How do you find the formula of a hydrated salt?
calculate mass of H2O / find n of moles of salt and water / calc ratio
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happens to acids in aqueous solutions?

Back

dissociate and release H+ ions

Card 3

Front

What is a Brønsted Lowry base?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the features of a base

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an alkali

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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