1.10 Politics, parties and elections

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Who did the Democrats tend to support?
Big cities, trade unions, immigrants, ethnic groups and the deep South
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Who did the Republicans tend to support?
Big businesses, towns, rural areas outside the South and Black Americans
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What was the populist party made up of?
Farmer alliances, coloured farmers national alliances and sympathetic democrats
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Why did populism decline?
They got absorbed by the Democratic party but when they lost the 1896 election, but their ideas were used for democrat reform
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What were the progressives main aims?
They wanted to attempt social and political reform and regulate big business
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What were the progressives main policies?
Trusts and monopolies were a threat to US citiziens, wanted government to be more accountable to the people, and wanted better living conditions, end child labour and education reform
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What did the growing violence and strikes across the US do to the Progressives?
It convinced them that unless reform was introduced to improve the lot of the working classes then socialism would spread and could end up facing revolution
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Why did the progressives favour moderate reform?
Because they believed it would make society more stable and efficient
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How did progressivism affect Wilson first presidency?
Saw regulation of businesses, more flexible currency and greater protection but domestic issues still overshadowed by foreign issues
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What did the Bureau of Corporations do, when was it introduced and why did Roosevelt encourage it?
It had the power to investigate any allegations made against a trust in 1903, Roosevelt supported big business but wanted them to be more responsible
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What was did the Federal Trade Commission do and when was it introduced?
It was set up with the power to oversee any business engaged with interstate trade and introduced in 1914
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What did the Federal Reserve Act do and when was it introduced?
Created a nationwide system of credit under an independent Federal Reserve Act and it was introduced 1913
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How did progressivism make it hard for US corporations?
It made it harder for them to act against public interest and established principle that government as responsible for the people as well as to them
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who did the Republicans tend to support?

Back

Big businesses, towns, rural areas outside the South and Black Americans

Card 3

Front

What was the populist party made up of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did populism decline?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the progressives main aims?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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