10.3: Population and the Environment

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10.3: Name the four determinants of health
AGE, SEX & CONSTITUTIONAL FACTORS / INDIVIDUAL LIFESTYLE FACTORS / SOCIAL & COMMUNITY NETWORKS / GENERAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC, CULTURAL & ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
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10.3: Define morbidity
RELATES TO ILLNESS AND DISEASE. IT CAN ALSO BE USED TO DESCRIBE THE INCIDENCE OF A DISEASE WITHIN SOCIETY.
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10.3: Define non-communicable disease
A MEDICAL CONDITION OR DISEASE THAT IS BY DEFINTION NON-INFECTIOUS AND NON-TRANSMISSIBLE AMONG PEOPLE.
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10.3: Name the 4 main non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES / CANCERS / DIABETES / CHRONIC LUNG DISEASES
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10.3: Name the three key factors in the decline of communicable diseases
IMPROVEMENTS IN HEALTH AND HEALTHCARE PROVISION / IMPROVED SANITATION AND PUBLIC HYGIENE
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10.3: 6. Define what epidemiological transition is
THIS DESCRIBES CHANGING PATTERNS OF POPULATION AGE DISTRIBUTION, MORTALITY, FERTILITY, LIFE EXPECTANCY AND CAUSES OF DEATH. IT ASSUMES THAT INFECTIOUS DISEASES ARE REPLACED BY CHRONIC DISEASES OVER TIME DUE TO EXPANDED PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION.
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10.3: There are 4 main stages in the epidemiological transition model. The first two have been completed for you. Name the other two stages
a) Age of infection and famine / b) Age of reducing pandemics / c) AGE OF DEGENERATIVE AND MAN-MADE DISEASES / d) AGE OF DELAYED DEGENERATIVE DISEASES
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10.3: Name the 4 main environmental variable linked to the incidence of disease
a) CLIMATE / b) TOPOGRAPHY, DRAINAGE / c) AIR QUALITY / d) WATER QUALITY
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10.3: Name our vector-borne disease case study
MALARIA
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10.3: Name our non-communicable disease case study
CORONARY HEART DISEASE (CHD)
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10.3: Name two international agencies involved in promoting health and combating disease.
WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION / UNAIDS / UNICEF / WORLD BANK
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10.3: What does NGO stand for?
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATION
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10.3: Name an NGO
OXFAM, WATERAID, MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (MSF)…
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10.3: Name our NGO case study example and explain what they do
MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES (MSF) = • PROVIDE MEDICAL AID WHERE MOST NEEDED E.G. PEOPLE CAUGHT UP IN NATURAL HAZARDS, CONFLICTS, FAMINES ETC. • HAVE PROJECTS IN OVER 60 COUNTRIES (MAINLY AFRICA, LATIN AMERICA, SOUTH ASIA)...
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Card 2

Front

10.3: Define morbidity

Back

RELATES TO ILLNESS AND DISEASE. IT CAN ALSO BE USED TO DESCRIBE THE INCIDENCE OF A DISEASE WITHIN SOCIETY.

Card 3

Front

10.3: Define non-communicable disease

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

10.3: Name the 4 main non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

10.3: Name the three key factors in the decline of communicable diseases

Back

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