• Created by: K4typ
  • Created on: 20-10-16 11:27


Zimbabwe is named after the 12th to 15th centuary capital which is built in stone and called Great Zimbabwe of the Rozwi Shona dynasty, the populous is around 98% African which are further split into two Bantu Language speaking groups the Shona, and the Ndebele. These groups are further split into dialects which also identify the people with the Korekore mostly in the north. The Zezuru live around the capital city Harare. The Karanga in the south, Ndau and Manyika in the east whilke the rest of the Rowzi people are spread throughout the rest of the country. Small minority populations live around some of the lakes and boarders of the country.
The other 2% of the population is made up of whites and Asian peoples.


The Shona people have a population of 9 million people and is also the most culturally dominate tribe in Zimbabwe. Shona people often live in isolated settlements and in family groups with a head of the family often being the eldest man this is sometimes extended to two or more.  The extended family will also live with the close family.  Many of the Traditions and beliefs of the Shona people link back to their ancestors.

Religion the shona believe into two types of spirits the shave spirits and the Vadzimu. The shave are the outside and free spirits while the Vadzimu are the spirits of the family for instance in relation to Lion King when Simba talks to Mufasa after he has died, Mufasa would then be considered a Vadzimu spirit. Any misfortune that fell are linked with any failure which then provokes the ancestors to become angry and punish them further.
The shona also believe in the existence of a god who is considered to be the most powerful, and is referred to by the name of Mwari, Nyadenga  or Musikavanhu.

Much like the Native Americans they perform rituals, for instance the shona perform the Kuroga guva to ensure that there kin’s spirit does not wander in the spirit world. Rain making ceremonies are also performed.

Throughout the centuries, Southern Africa was also inhabited by people with a different life style. The San (Bushmen) people did not live in cities or villages, nor did they cultivate the fields or keep domesticated animals. They were hunters and fruits gatherers. Their history is immortalized on thousands of rock paintings, some of which are more than 30 000 years old. Few San people still remain in Zimbabwe, but groups can still be found in the Kalahari Desert areas of Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.

By the 19th century, Cave drawings the great Shona speaking empires had disintegrated into numerous principalities and chiefdoms. At the same time, a powerful kingdom emerged in Kwazulu Natal under King Shaka. Upheavals in that region drove one of Shaka's…


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