Youth, Crime and Control


Why Focus on Youth Crime and Control?

Transitions into Adulthood

Arnett (2004): transitions into adulthood are less clear now because:

1. Youths have less financial independence. 

2. Marriage and partnerships occur in the late 20s rather than the early 20s. 

3. There is a greater likelihood of vocational and higher education up until the age of 16 and beyond. 

Osgood et al (2007): transitions into adulthood is even more difficult for vulnerable youth populations. 

Offending and Young People

- 35% of offenders aged 15-17 re-offend.

- 30% of offenders aged 18-20 re-offend.

- 12% of offenders aged 50+ re-offend. 

Onset and Desistance

Home Office 2008:

- Female onset peaks at about 15. 

- Male onset peaks at about 17/18. 

- Female desistance begins at about 20.

- Male desistance begins at about…


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