a) You cannot rationally accept the argument from design. (10)
To rationally accept an argument means that it is both valid and sound. It is valid in that the conclusion follows from the premises and it is sound in that the premises are true.
There is no evidence that the world is designed. Any evidence is circumstantial. Hume challenges the analogy and the argument from chaos to order. He argues that to speak of ‘design’ is to imply a designer and great design implies a great designer. So, as there is great design in the world, there must be a great designer. This version relies on the analogy. Hume stated that it in fact implies a superhuman, anthropomorphic concept of God, which is very limited and inconsistent. The world is imperfect and as such it could suggest an imperfect and flawed creator. Therefore, we cannot rationally accept the argument from design.
Furthermore, Hume develops his argument by stating that the world is ordered and this is either because of chance or because of design. It is entirely possible that the world did not come about through chance. Hume was arguing that if a person can discern order and purpose…