- takes the form of a diary (indicated by the opening date of 1801)
- the realism of the diary form contrasts with the otherness of the events that take place in the novel.
- A letter is used. It's used for Isabella so that we can heat her voice and see what has happened in her absence.
- Most of the narrative is in the feminine voice of Nelly.
- People have noted that this is a comment upon the underlying reliance of males on women.
- Dual Narrative. Lockwood recounting Nelly's retelling of the events.
- Nelly sometimes takes on the voice of other characters, like when she reads Isabella's letter.
- The story within a story structure is mirrored in the room within a room of the oak cupboard where Cathy sleeps. This shows the complicated nature of the plot and relationships within the novel.