Writing to Inform
- Answer the questions who, what, why, where, when and how
- Readers of information expect to believe and trust what they read, so information needs to be given in a reassuring and confident tone.
- information is intended to be balanced
--> information to be based upon facts or balanced opinion.
--> For example, if you were to write an anecdote in your informing - two would be ideal - one from someone who enjoyed the trip and one from someone who didn't?
- Information must be relevant to the reader's needs
--> Newspaper reader expects info to be clear, interesting and honest.
--> Leaflet reader expects info easy to follow, useful and interesting.
- Introduce the topic in a lively and clear way in your opening paragraph.
- A single topic sentence used to introduce the point of the paragraph.
- Follow on with a series of well-structured paragraphs that provide only 'bite size' chunks of information.
- Use linking words to help to make your ideas more fluent, e.g. next, afterwards, subsequently, therefore, etc..
- Using an anecdote can gain extra marks because it can show information very clearly, in an interesting and compelling way. Using 2 anecdotes can give the right balance the examiner's looking for.
- Use a variety of sentence types and styles and remember that shorter sentences are often clearer and crisper sounding. An occasional ultra-short sentence can add real impact to writing.
Writing to Explain
- Explaining is about breaking a topic down into the parts the audience need to know, to enable them to understand the topic better.
- Writing to explain needs to provide information that is useful and accessible to its audience. This means it needs to be lively, balanced, truthful and trustworthy
Work out what and how much your reader already knowsNo one…
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