Wounding or Inflicting Grievous Bodily Harm with Intent S.18NFOAtPA1861

  • Created by: erw16
  • Created on: 11-03-19 10:33

Wounding or inflicting grievous bodily harm (GBH) with intent is a criminal offence under S.18 of the Non-Fatal Against the Persons Act 1861 which carries a discretionary life sentence


In order to be liable for S.18 you must either inflict a wound or inflict GBH.

A wound is defined in JCC v Eisenhower as "any break in the continuity of the skin". Internal bleeding is not a wound. Nosebleeds, bleeding from the inside of the mouth, gums or lips can be classed as a wound. A scratch that only breaks the top layer of the skin would be classed as ABH.

GBH is defined in DPP v Smith as "really serious harm" and in R v Saunders as "serious harm". It includes injuries such as broken facial bones,


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