Stress can be caused within your workplace. There are many factors that could be causing stress, such as:
- Relationships at work - our relationships with our bosses/colleagues/customers.
- Work pressure - having a large workload/strict deadlines.
- The physical environment - May be noisy/overcrowded/too hot etc.
- Stress linked to our role - worrying about job security/prospects for promotion.
- Lack of control - you may not have much control over type of work/amount of work given.
MARMOT ET AL.
Aim: Marmot wanted to test the ideas of the job strain model, this proposed that: 1) High demand jobs would cause workplace stress. 2) Low control jobs would cause workplace stress.
Procedure: Civil service employees (men & women) working in London were invited to take part. A total of 7372 people agreed to answer a questionnaire and be checked for cardio vascular disease. 5 years later, each participant was reassessed. For each participant, the following was recorded:
- Signs of cardiovascular disease.
- Presence of coronary factors eg. smoking.
- Employment grade (measure of job demand)
- Sense of job control.
Findings: At the end of the study, it was found that:
- Participants in the higher grades of civil service had developed fewer cardiovascular problems.
- Participants in the lower grades expressed a weaker sense of job control, more stress and had the highest instance of cardiovascular…