- The jobs were based in manual and unskilled labour. The shipbuilding or coal industries dominated the employment opportunities of many northern towns and cities.
- There were traditional gender roles within the family: the male breadwinner who provided for his wife and children and the female housemaker who cared for her husband and children.
- Boys were encouraged to follow the employment pathways of significant male role models in their families, often gaining employment in the same factories or industries.
- The communities were strong and had a feeling of unity, solidarity and togetherness. Working class communities were supportive and looked after their own kind. Outsiders were often distrusted.
- Politically they had strong links…