Studied the counter-school culture of 'the lads' (12 working-class boys)
Willis rejects Bowles & Ginti's version of the correspondence principle. Rather than the lads accepting ruling-class ideology (myth of meritocracy), found that the working class may resist attempts to brain-wash them in school.
Lads formed a distinct counter-culture that was opposed to the school. They flouted the schools rules (e.g by smoking, distrupting classes). The counterculture was also sexist and racist.
Willis followed the…