- The peasants were the biggest threat; mass population, expecting an end to war time policies, as well as the promises the Bolsheviks had made to them.
- Terrible famine of 1920 - 1921, due to the drought in the south, but also the continuation of requisitioning, as food wasn't getting to the cities.
- Thousands dying from widespread disease; typhus, cholera, influenza epidemic, dysentry.
- Peasants revolted because the Bolsheviks were still requsitioning, though the war was over.
- The most serious revolt was led by Alexander Antonov in the Tambov region, where peasants recated violently to a requisitioning brigade in 1920. The Red Army tried to fight them for a year.
- The peasants supported Kronstadt, many of whom were ex-peasants themselves, and remaining members of the Green army, who proved extremely difficult for Moscow or the Red Army to deal with. The peasant revolts were said to be worse than those of the White armies put together.
- Urban workers were mainly angry about:
. Food shortages
. 'Militarised' factories (shot/ imprisoned is production targets not met, Tasrist!)