Why did the arms race develop? 1945-63

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  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 23-01-15 17:03
  • it was driven by national vulnerabilities of the superpowers and insecurities of leaders
  • each thought science of weaponry would boost reputation
  • became an insurance against the actions of the enemy

GROWTH OF INTERNATIONAL TENSION;

  • as the Cold War developed, arms were viewed as necessary to safeguard interests of the East and West
  • the USA had a monopoly in nuclear warfare from 1945 until the Soviets developed their own in 1949
  • Soviet secrecy matched with Stalin and Khrushchev's boasting fuelled American concerns they needed to keep ahead of the USSR
  • the decision for America to develop the hydrogren bomb was prompted by the Soviet challenge over Berlin 1948-9; communist takeover in 1949 within China; Korean war of 1950
  • this in turn led to the Soviets responding with their own super bomb

NATIONAL AND PERSONAL CONSIDERATIONS;

  • keeping ahead with the arms race…

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