Who was to blame for the failure to reach settlement after 1646?

HideShow resource information

To what extent was Parliament more to blame than Charles I for the failure of settlement in the years 1646 to 1649?


  • 5 different parties involved: KING, PARLIAMENT, ARMY, SCOTS & LEVELLERS
  • everyone wanted something different.
  • People discontent
  • Reasonable/unreasonable terms?

Paragraph 1- PARLIAMENT:

Parliament itself was split in 2: INDEPENDENTS & PRESBYTERIANS. Neither side could agree with the other and this caused problems.

  • For PRESBYTERIANS:      
    • King was INDESPENSABLE- give him back power BUT with a few RESTRAINS
    • Scots were their allies- Presbyterian Church was best for the whole country- bring UNIFORMITY & SOCIAL ORDER
    • Lower taxes- nation has to get back to normal. Also limit power of country committees & return to traditional government
    • Disban New Model Army- can't afford it: it is DANGEROUS and had nothing to do
    • King can't be TRUSTED- MUST be FORCED to accept limits
    • Scots are interfering in E's affairs & they are opposed to religious toleration.
    • Religious toleration for Protestants- that is what they have been fighting for
    • Keep high taxes- money is needed & can't give up opportunity
    • Keep New Model Army- like NO OTHER army in history. It has better claim to represent people than Long Parliament


Paragraph 2- CHARLES:

Charles, being Charles, thought that because he was king, he was right and he could do as he pleased because he was divinely appointed by God. 

  • After signing Strafford's death warrant, vowed he wouldn't come to terms with P.
  • Experience taught him that the longer he held out, the deeper divisions became amongst enemies. In short- term: nation faced chaos- eventually enemies would have to turn to him to restore peace. Held out too long though.
  • Refused treaties/ propositions: was STUBBORN, UNCOMMUNICATIVE & LOYAL TO FRIENDS. P. tried v. hard to negotiate with him (Cromwell had shown emotion towards him & his children) but he wouldn't have any of it & P. got ANNOYED
  • To him, all propositions were too much what parliament wanted. Still believed to be divinely appointed king.

Paragraph 3- THE ARMY:

The army played a vital role in the division because it, like parliament…


Tom Alford


I was always told to never refer to myself whilst writing an essay as it makes you sound less convincing. Rather than saying 'I believe that Charles was to blame for the failure to reach a settlement after 1646' wouldn't it be better to say 'In conclusion, Charles was to blame blah blah'? 

Good plan tho!



This was really useful! Thanks : )



awesome bro

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all British monarchy - Tudors and Stuarts resources »