To what extent was Parliament more to blame than Charles I for the failure of settlement in the years 1646 to 1649?
- 5 different parties involved: KING, PARLIAMENT, ARMY, SCOTS & LEVELLERS
- everyone wanted something different.
- People discontent
- Reasonable/unreasonable terms?
Paragraph 1- PARLIAMENT:
Parliament itself was split in 2: INDEPENDENTS & PRESBYTERIANS. Neither side could agree with the other and this caused problems.
- For PRESBYTERIANS:
- King was INDESPENSABLE- give him back power BUT with a few RESTRAINS
- Scots were their allies- Presbyterian Church was best for the whole country- bring UNIFORMITY & SOCIAL ORDER
- Lower taxes- nation has to get back to normal. Also limit power of country committees & return to traditional government
- Disban New Model Army- can't afford it: it is DANGEROUS and had nothing to do
- For INDEPENDENTS:
- King can't be TRUSTED- MUST be FORCED to accept limits
- Scots are interfering in E's affairs & they are opposed to religious toleration.
- Religious toleration for Protestants- that is what they have been fighting for
- Keep high taxes- money is needed & can't give up opportunity
- Keep New Model Army- like NO OTHER army in history. It has better claim to represent people than Long Parliament
Paragraph 2- CHARLES:
Charles, being Charles, thought that because he was king, he was right and he could do as he pleased because he was divinely appointed by God.
- After signing Strafford's death warrant, vowed he wouldn't come to terms with P.
- Experience taught him that the longer he held out, the deeper divisions became amongst enemies. In short- term: nation faced chaos- eventually enemies would have to turn to him to restore peace. Held out too long though.
- Refused treaties/ propositions: was STUBBORN, UNCOMMUNICATIVE & LOYAL TO FRIENDS. P. tried v. hard to negotiate with him (Cromwell had shown emotion towards him & his children) but he wouldn't have any of it & P. got ANNOYED
- To him, all propositions were too much what parliament wanted. Still believed to be divinely appointed king.
Paragraph 3- THE ARMY:
The army played a vital role in the division because it, like parliament…