Who is responsible to manage coasts from natural processes?

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DEFRA (Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)

  • DEFRA has overall responsibility for the protection of the coastline from erosion and flooding.
  • Coastline of England and Wales is divided up into 11 sediment cells. These are lengths of coastline which are relatively self-contained in terms of the movement of sediment.
  • The boundaries of these cells are often natural features such as headlands or estuarries.
  • Each cell has a sub-cell.
  • This division of sub-cell is based on the knowledge of local processes within the whole cell and allows smaller areas to be managed more effectively, but in order to fully understand/manage a sub-cell, a Shoreline Management Plan (SMP) is developed.

Shoreline Management Plan (SMP)

  • SMP is a document which examines the risks associtated with coastal processes and presents a policy to manage those risks.
  • It considers risks to local people as…


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