What were the achievements of the Baldwin Government 1924-29?
Widows, Orphans and Old Age Pensions Act:
- Provided as part of National Insurance, paid for by those in work.
- Available at 65, instead of 70.
- Health Minister Neville Chamberlain claimed the Act completed a 'circle of security' for British people.
- However, hundreds of thousands failed to qualify, or 'ran out' of rights due to long-term sickness/unemployment. Old Poor Law 'guardians' still existed.
Merchandise Marks Act:
- Required British Manufacturers to mark imported products which carried their own name with their country of origin as well.
BBC Supervised by Govt:
- Income provided by wireless sales. First Director General Jon Reith insisted on corporation's independence.
Central Electricity Board set up:
- Distributed electricity. Later became National Grid.
- Introduced universal adult suffrage
- Men and women could vote at 21, adding 5 million 'flappers' to the electorate.
- Opposed by Churchill and others, passed by Home Sec. Joynson-Hicks.
Local Government Act:
- Old Poor Law authorities replaced by Public Assistance Committees (PACs) of county and borough councils.
- 140 PAC's, compared to over 600…