What determined 'side-taking' in 1642?

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When did the civil war become inevitable?

The beginning of the Long P: 

- Opened on the 3rd November 1640.

- Puritan MPs saw this as their last opportunity to avoid Counter reformation/absolutism.

- John Pym warned MPs of a Catholic Conspiracy & accused Charles' gov.t of implementing absolutism in Ireland.

- Feared influence of Strafford and Laud - both were impeached and imprisoned.

- Root and Branch petition, removal of Bishops from the Anglican Church and HoL.

- Charles was forced to agree to the Triennial Act, agreeing to a new P every 3 years.

The Trial of Strafford

- P claimed he wished to use the Irish army to establish a Roman Catholic monarchy.

- 22nd March 1641, trial began. Strafford accused of trying to establish 'arbitrary gov.t'.

- Pym resorted to a Bill of Attainder. All that was needed now was Charles' signature to prove that Strafford was a traitor.

The Army Plot

- Group of officers had been planning a Coup d'etat which had the support of Charles.

- Officers had planned to march from York to London to free Strafford from the ToL & then dissolve P.

- 3rd April 1641 Charles had sent a hundred officers to seize the Tower, but it was well defended.

- Lords agreed to pass the Bill of Attainder and Charles was in no position to refuse to sign Strafford's death warrant.

The Irish Rebellion

- Appointed lead Puritans (Oliver St. John & Lord Saye & Sele) to gov.t.

- More difficult to claim that Charles was surrounded by 'evil advisors'.

- Winter 1641, England was plunged into crisis when the Catholic Irish rebelled against English & Scottish Protestant Settlers in Ireland.

- 4,000 Protestants were massacred & 8,000 died of exposure after being forced to leave their homes mid winter.

- The rebels falsely claimed they were acting in Charles' name, strengthening the idea of a Catholic conspiracy.

- An army was needed, but P didn't trust the King to command it.

- Henrietta Mariad advised him to employ…

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