Water Conflicts in the Middle East

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 31-05-11 13:23

Middle East

  • There is 5% of the world's population that lives here.
  • They have 1% of the world's fresh water.
  • There has been large population growth.
  • In some areas there is increased affluence which can lead to an increase in water demand due to a change in lifestyle including having swimming pools.
  • 89% of extracted water is used on crops for the irrigation of farmlands.
  • They could use the process of desalination but it is expensive and uses a lot of energy. 
  • There is a problem of water pollution in some areas.
  • The water availability varies country to country. In parts of Iran it is 1200m3 per person per year but in Jordan it is 200m3 per person per year.

Nile River

  • It comes out of the Ethiopian Highlands.
  • 85% of the water is from the Blue Nile.
  • It is the longest rive in the world.
  • It goes through 9 countries making the problems about the water even more extreme than if it only went few one or two.
  • There are many disputes about whose water it is and about who should have control over it.
  • Egypt has got to the water first and therefore it seems as if they have the power and control of it. 
  • The Aswan Dam which is in Egypt was build in the 1970's and was paid for…


Liam Stuckey

Great summary of this case study! thanks

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