Water and its Properties

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Water and its Properties

Universal solvent: Can dissolve many substances - metabolic processes in organisms rely on chemicals reacting together in solution, e.g. in the cytoplasm

Liquid at room temperature: Can provide a liquid environment for aquatic creatures and within cells

Specific heat capacity: A lot of heat is needed to increase the temperature of the water, because a lot of energy is needed to break the hydrogen bonds - water resists temperature change, providing a stable environment for organisms

Latent heat of vaporization: A lot of heat is needed to change the state of water from liquid to gas - evaporation of water can give a cooling effect, e.g. sweating

Latent heat of fusion: A lot of heat needs to be lost to change the state of water from liquid to solid…



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