Utilitarianism AS level Ethics OCR

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  • Created by: Lottie
  • Created on: 26-03-12 13:59

BENTHAM

  • humans are motivated by pleasure
  • humans persue pleasure which is good and seek to avoid pain which is bad
  • utility principle- the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by its usefulness
  • usefulness  refers to amount of pleasure & hapiness caused by the action
  • 'greatest good for the greatest number'
  • the hedonic calculus: weighs up pain & pleasure based on intensity, duration , certainity or uncertainity,propinquity or remotness, fecundity, purity and extent

MILL

  • well being of the individual is of greatest importance and that…

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