Useful Terms and Figures of Speech for Analysing in English exams

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Useful terms and figures of speech to know and be able to recognise:

  • Simile: when two things are compared and one is said to be similar to the other. The words 'like' or 'as' are used to introduce a simile. E.g. The cloud of smoke hung over the house like some giant black umbrella.
  • Metaphor: another form of comparison when one thing is said to be something else. E.g. He was a tornado blasting his way through the opposing team.
  • Repetition: when important words are repeated for emphasis. E.g. Must I tell you again and again and again?
  • Alliteration: two or more words used close together, beginning with the same sound. It can also enhance the rhythm of a peice of writing.


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