Urban Envornments

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  • Created by: Ryan Fox
  • Created on: 04-06-12 12:52

Urbanisation

·         A process where an increasing proportion of the population lives in towns and cities

·         An increasing proportion of city dwellers in contrast those in the countryside (urbanisation)

·         A worldwide process

·         Began at different times in different places

·         Occurs at different paces

·         Differs between rich and poor

Land use and parts of a city

·         Usually made up of 4 main parts each part has a different main use

·         In the centre is CBD(Central Business District), the commercial centre with shops/offices, where transport routes meet, high land values, competition for space, tall buildings and high building density, not many people live in it, main shopping and service area, easily accessible

·         Surrounding this is inner city, a mix of poorer quality housing and older industrial buildings, can be quite run down but also newer housing and industry where the area has been redeveloped

Urban issues

Housing

·         Population in UK has increased by 7% since 1971 and growth is supposed to continue to 52.5 million by 2021

·         Number of households has risen by 30% since 1971- because more people are living alone(7 million)

·         Single-person households are responsible for 70% of the increased demand for housing due to people leaving home earlier, marrying later and getting divorced and living longer

·         A third of single-person households are aged over 65

The Inner City and CBD

CBD

·         In some cities this area is run down and steps need to be taken to attract people and businesses back to them, crime, businesses moving out to shopping centres on outskirts, high land values, traffic, parking issues

·         Pedestrianising

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