Understand the importance of water as a solvent in transport, including its dipole nature.

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Water is a polar molecule which means it has an unevenly distributed chemical charge

  • Two hydrogens are pushed towards each other forming a V-shaped molecule
  • The hydrogen is a slightly posistive charge
  • The oxygen has a slightly negative charge so electrons are more concentrated at the end

Permanent dipole nature

Positively charged end of the water molecule which is attracted to the negative end of surrounding molecules

Hydrogen Bonding

  • It holds water molecules


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