Types of long-term memory

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  • AO1:
  • Episodic memory:
  • The episodic memory stores events (episodes0 from our lives. The store has been likened to a diary of daily happenings. It stores events such as going to the dentist, the breakfast you had this morning, the class you had, etc. Episodic memories are time-stamped - you remember when they happened. They are complex as they involve several elements - people, places, objects and behaviours, all woven into one memory. In order to recall these memories a conscious effort has to be made. 
  • Semantic memory:
  • The Semantic memory stores our knowledge of the world. This is like a combination of an encyclopedia and a dictionary. It includes knowledge of applying to uni, the taste of an orange, and the meanings of words. Semantic memories aren't time stamped. For example, we don't usually remember when the first time was that we learned about a pop band we liked. Semantic knowledge is less personal and more anout the knowledge we all share. 
  • Procedural memory:
  • The Procedural memory stores memories for actions and skills, These are memories of how we do thngs, for example, driving a car or riding a bike. Recall occurs without awareness or effort. These are sorts of skills we might even find quite hard to explain to other people because we recall these memories without conscious awareness. For example…

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