Tsar Alexander II's Educational and Censorship Reforms

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Tsar Alexander II's Educational and Censorship Reforms.

Educational Reforms

  • 1863- Universities were able to govern themseles so could appoint their own staff (given more autonomy)
  • 1864- Responsibility for schooling went to the Zemstva (local government)
  • Primary and Secondary schooling was extended.
  • School were declared 'open to all'. 
  • In 1856 there were 8,000 primary schools in Russia. Thi inreased to over 23,000 in 1880.
  • The number of University students also increased from 3,600 to 10,000 by 1870.
  • There was a more liberal curriculum: study sciences, philosophy and European


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