Tribunals and ADR

  • Created by: erw16
  • Created on: 25-01-19 11:01

There are two main alternatives to the civil courts: tribunals and alternative dispute resolution (ADR).

A tribunal is an informal method of dispute resolution developed for issues arissing under the UK's 'welfare state'.

ADR: one of the key Woolf reform recommendations.



  • Seperated into seven divisions with specific areas of law and four divisions for appeals.
  • First-tier tribunals hear cases at the first instance, upper tribunals hear cases from the first tier.
  • Possible appeal route to the Court of Appeal, and then to the Supreme Court.
  • Seperate tribunal for disuptes involving employment law.


  • Administrative Tribunals runs alongside the Civil Court System
  • Tribunals were established to deal with sepcific


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