Treating OCD: Biological Approach (Drug Therapy)

  • Created by: mayono1
  • Created on: 10-05-18 14:44

Drug Therapy

- Drug therapy is used to increase or decrease levels of neurotransmitters in the brain or to increase/decrease their activity.

-Drugs can be used alongside other types of therapy, for example cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). The drugs help to reduce a patient's emotional symptoms which means they might engage more effetively with the CBT. Some people respond better with CBT alone, so it isn't for everybody.

SSRIs

- Is a type of antidepressant called selective seretonin reuptake inhibitor. Trade names include: Prozac, Zoloft + Paxil. Antidepressants increase the levels of serotonin and normalise the worry circuit.

- They prevent the re-absorption + breakdown of serotonin and this increases its level in the synapse and thus continues to stimulate the postsynaptic neuron. This compensates for whatever is wrong with the serotonin system in OCD.

-Dosage depends on the type of SSRI and the patient. Dosage will be increased if it is not benefitting the patient. It's available as a capsule or liquid and takes 3-4 months of daily use to have an impact on the symptoms.

Alternatives to SSRIs include: Tricyclics and SNRIs.

- Sometimes SSRIs alone aren't effective enough and so they can be combined with other antidepressants.

- Tricyclics are an older type of antidepressant and was the first type of AD used for OCD. Tricyclics block the transporter mechanism that reabsorbs both serotonin and noradrenanline. As a result, more of these neurotransmitters are left in the synapse.However, they tend to have more severe side effects than SSRIs so

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Treating OCD: Biological Approach (Drug Therapy)

  • Created by: mayono1
  • Created on: 10-05-18 14:44

Drug Therapy

- Drug therapy is used to increase or decrease levels of neurotransmitters in the brain or to increase/decrease their activity.

-Drugs can be used alongside other types of therapy, for example cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). The drugs help to reduce a patient's emotional symptoms which means they might engage more effetively with the CBT. Some people respond better with CBT alone, so it isn't for everybody.

SSRIs

- Is a type of antidepressant called selective seretonin reuptake inhibitor. Trade names include: Prozac, Zoloft + Paxil. Antidepressants increase the levels of serotonin and normalise the worry circuit.

- They prevent the re-absorption + breakdown of serotonin and this increases its level in the synapse and thus continues to stimulate the postsynaptic neuron. This compensates for whatever is wrong with the serotonin system in OCD.

-Dosage depends on the type of SSRI and the patient. Dosage will be increased if it is not benefitting the patient. It's available as a capsule or liquid and takes 3-4 months of daily use to have an impact on the symptoms.

Alternatives to SSRIs include: Tricyclics and SNRIs.

- Sometimes SSRIs alone aren't effective enough and so they can be combined with other antidepressants.

- Tricyclics are an older type of antidepressant and was the first type of AD used for OCD. Tricyclics block the transporter mechanism that reabsorbs both serotonin and noradrenanline. As a result, more of these neurotransmitters are left in the synapse.However, they tend to have more severe side effects than SSRIs so

Comments

No comments have yet been made