National Labour Union
- Formed by William Sylvis to protest for bnking reform, reduction to working hours and immigration restrictions.
- Promoted cause of working women but not African Americans.
- Failed to achieve change through strike action despite 300,000 members.
Knights of Labour (KOL)
- Became prominent in 1879 under the leadership of Terence Powderly who demanded an 8-hour day, equal pay for women and an en to cihld labour, as well as breaking down barriers in skilled/ unskilled, uniting racial groups and women too.
- KOL rejected strike action until 1885, seeking reforming legislation to meet their demands.
- After the Haymarket Afai of 1886, KOL's reputation was destroyed and internal divisions caused many unions to join the AFL or IWW instead.
American Federation of Labour (AFL)
- Sought reform through legislation and strike/ boycott action, pressuring govt at a local and national level. - Success with Woodrow Wilson with the creation of the first Dept for Labour.
- Officially rejected discrimination and accepted African American unions, although these were usually segregated.
- Weakened after several unions split to form CIO in 1935 in protest of AFL's concentration on craft unions, not unskilled. - Merged with CIO in 1955, regaining influence and power.
National Negro Labour Union
- Formed in 1869 to represent African American workers ater the discriminatory actions of many major union towards black or immigrant workers.
- Contributed to the emerging sense of…
Similar History resources: